Pain management covers several methods to prevent, reduce, or stop pain sensations. One of the most common types of pain is lower back pain – which is usually a result of bad posture.
Here is a list of pain management techniques that can be used to alleviate common pains from birth to adolescence:
Massage Therapy is a wonderful stress reliever for infants because it promotes a sense of comfort, makes them less prone to colic and can regulate their sleep cycle. Infants can also benefit from physiotherapy. Physiotherapists can assist with gross motor skills such as sitting, standing, and walking, as well as improvement in flexibility, strength, and endurance. Infants learning to walk or experiencing issues with their foot turning out while walking can be taken through exercises to encourage standing and develop the skills required for walking. For infants with torticollis (neck tightness) or plagiocephaly (head shape challenges), physiotherapists will perform stretching and positioning exercises. They may also recommend Craniosacral Therapy which is the use of gentle touch to manipulate joints – primarily the cranial and sacral bones.
Growing pains typically start in early childhood – around age 3 or 4 – and tend to reoccur around age 8-15. Growing pains are a common cause of leg pain. These pains are muscle aches that occur in the thighs, behind the knees and the calves. To relieve their pain, we recommend physiotherapy. The initial aim of physiotherapy is to ease pain by reducing inflammation and improving muscle flexibility which may include soft tissue work and stretching to lengthen tight muscles. There is also evidence to suggest that growing pains are related to a lack of magnesium in your child’s diet. Magnesium is involved in over 300 cellular processes – when your magnesium levels are low, your muscles contract and cause symptoms such as muscle spasms. Around the age of 11, when kids transition from primary to high school, they begin to spend roughly six hours sitting at their desks which may result in them beginning to experience lower back pain. To alleviate lower back pain, Manual Therapy may be recommended. This is a hands-on technique used to eliminating soft tissue inflammation and improve joint mobilizations. It is also essential for your child to practise good posture.
•Monitor position: Your monitor should be at least 18 inches from your face and level with your eyes.
•Neck: Keep your ear in line with your shoulders.
•Shoulders: Keep shoulders down and relaxed.
•Back: Keep against back of chair with support
•Elbow and Wrist: Keep wrists straight and elbows at a 90-degree angle.
•Legs and Feet: Your hips and thighs should be parallel to the ground. Your feet should be flat on the ground.
During this time your child may be experiencing higher levels of stress from their external exams, back pain from long periods of time sitting at a desk, or job hunting. To relieve the effects of stress and anxiety, seek out a specialist who can assess your child’s needs and suggest a recommended approach. Acupuncture is one option which has been shown to be effective in managing stress, anxiety, pain, discomfort, tension, irritability and insomnia.
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